After being launched, the American spacecraft Phoenix made a landing on Mars a year later. The presence of water ice beneath the planet’s surface was one of its most significant findings.
Former US president, Barack Obama was born
The first pitcher to win the Cy Young Award seven times and one of the most successful pitchers in baseball history, Roger Clemens, was born in Dayton, Ohio.
On August 4, 1956, APSARA, India’s first nuclear research reactor, was put into service. Homi Bhabha, the mother of India’s nuclear programme, oversaw its design and construction at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) in Mumbai.
Britain entered World War I and declared war on Germany in reaction to the German invasion of Belgium.
Louis Armstrong was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, and is regarded as the greatest trumpeter in jazz history. He is a natural musician with prodigious talent.